The Mediator Foundation for Democracy and Human Rights presented the conclusions of its parallel report to the Moroccan national report for the fourth round of the universal periodic review, which was submitted to the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights during the month of March 2022.
This coincides with the holding of the meetings prior to the session of the 41st session of the Working Group on the Universal Periodic Review, where tomorrow, Wednesday, the plenary meeting on Morocco will be organized, with the participation of representatives of civil society and national human rights. human rights institution, to share its recommendations and concerns with the representatives of the Member States of the United Nations, and about the status of the practice of the Moroccan convention and its levels of interaction with the United Nations mechanisms. The mediator presented his follow-up of the progress made, dwelling on some challenges related to the limited invocation of Morocco’s voluntary commitments related to basic human rights conventions and protocols during the process of drafting and discussing laws and policy development. public and financial laws, which prevents accelerating Frequency of guaranteeing the effective enjoyment of rights and freedoms by all.
The mediator urged Morocco to complete the path of accession to the remaining basic protocols, especially accession to the second optional protocol of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights aimed at abolishing the death penalty, and to work to lift the interpretative declaration on the article 2 and paragraph 4 of article 15 of the CEDAW, and lift the reservation to article 29, and the Interpretative Declaration to the first paragraph of article 14 of the Convention on the Rights of the Child.
The mediator focused on the pioneering role that Parliament should play in the field of interaction with United Nations mechanisms and the implementation of rights and freedoms, as the mediator recorded the positive interaction of Parliament with the review mechanism universal newspaper during its various stages.
He praised the best practice at the level of government involvement with Parliament during the mid-term evaluation phase of the implementation of the recommendations accepted by Morocco during 2019. With the mechanisms established in the treaties, from participating in the preparation stage of initial and periodic national reports, to contribute to interactive dialogue with treaty bodies and open consultations on draft public comments, as well as working to monitor the extent to which human rights-related recommendations and concluding observations are activated, during the course of legislation and development of various public policies.
The mediator called for the need to work on the modification of the internal regulations of both Houses of Parliament to include the stipulation of their tasks related to participation and interaction with the treaty bodies and the bodies established under the Charter of the United Nations, as well as consider the possibility of creating a parliamentary committee in both Houses of Parliament with a special mandate to follow up on human rights issues, in the implementation of best practices, urged by the Human Rights Council in its report on cooperation with the Inter-Parliamentary Union.
Regarding the implementation of the right to life, the mediator drew attention to the fact that the treatment of the right to life must be based on the most recent jurisprudence within the United Nations system to protect this right, with special reference to General Comment No. 36 of the Human Rights Committee on everyone It can affect the right to life and cause premature deaths, not only due to legislation, but also due to unjust policies, weak public services and incompatible with the needs of citizens and increasing social, economic and psychological vulnerabilities, and the consequent negligent responsibilities of governments to protect this right.
Since freedom of association constitutes one of the most important indicators of the availability of an open and accessible space, the mediator focused, in this context, on presenting challenges and shedding light on the various prohibitions that impede freedom of association, and stood on the need to harmonize the legal framework that regulates freedom of association and the work of human rights defenders with the Constitution and relevant international standards, especially article 22 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights and the Declaration on the Protection of Human Rights Defenders, also presented his reading of the ruling on the dissolution of “Jozoor” as the most outstanding feature of the period framed within the fourth round of the universal periodic review 2017-2022.
This parallel report included 12 recommendations related to the four axes and themes referred to above, and the mediator hopes to find an echo in the synthesis report of the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights, on the summary of data received by the interested parties, and among the recommendations that Morocco will receive during the 41st session of the Al Shamil Periodic Review Working Group to be held between November 7 and 18, 2022.