The heads of African Constitutional Courts, High Courts and Constitutional Councils called for the adoption of the concept of “environmental justice” in African countries and the support of African judges in its implementation, in order to protect natural resources in those countries and cooperate each other in this regard.
In the final declaration issued by the meeting held in Cairo from 10 to 12 September, in the presence of judges from 40 African countries represented by 51 heads of the Constitutional Court, the Constitutional Council and the Supreme Court, including Morocco, a call was made consider the protection of the environment as an inherent constitutional right, and work to protect it from pollution and deterioration.
The declaration called for the activation of legal guarantees to provide the necessary protection to judges in all constitutional systems and to reinforce the principle of separation and balance of powers as one of the main pillars to ensure the independence of the judiciary and work to guarantee the rights constitutional rights of all citizens without distinction of religion, race, political opinion or any other consideration.
He also called for encouraging efforts aimed at the integration of refugees into the labor market, providing them with adequate opportunities to qualify them for a dignified life, and valuing the initiatives of the States Parties to conclude bilateral agreements to establish more rights for refugees and migrants.
He also stressed that further steps must be taken to ensure respect for African cultural identity, and to recognize the right of every society to adhere to the moral values recognized by the national community.
Let us remember that the President of the Constitutional Court, Saeed Ihray, said during the opening of the meeting: “One of the factors for the success of this continental initiative is the adoption, since its inception, of a functional model and concept of constitutional justice. ”
Ahray also reviewed the Moroccan experience, in two points, the first related to the jurisprudential construction of the scope and content of one of the basic social rights, which is the right to social protection, while the second point related to one of the applications emerging from the principle of citizenship in practical situations related to electoral disputes.