Non-communicable diseases such as heart-related, cancer and diabetes are responsible for 74% of deaths worldwide, while taking decisive action to tackle the factors that promote infection could save tens of millions, according to World Health Organization.
A recent report issued by the World Health Organization, this Wednesday, indicated that non-communicable diseases that in many cases can be prevented and that people develop as a consequence of adopting an unhealthy lifestyle or living in inadequate conditions, cause 41 million deaths annually, including 17 million under the age of seventy.
The World Health Organization confirmed that heart disease, cancer, diabetes and respiratory diseases are currently the leading causes of death in the world, followed by infectious diseases. The head of the department in charge of this file at the World Health Organization, Benti Mikkelsen, said in a statement to reporters in Geneva: “Every two seconds, a person under the age of 70 dies as a result of a non-communicable disease.”
He noted that the sums allocated to combat these diseases are very limited.
Noncommunicable diseases have a significant impact on the ability of people infected with them to resist infectious diseases, which became evident with the Covid-19 pandemic.
The report noted that the risk of exposure to severe Covid-19 symptoms and even death as a result of infection with the virus increases for those with obesity or diabetes.
The report noted that “the problem is that the world is ignoring the data, even though the data provides a clear picture of the situation.”
Contrary to popular ideas, rich countries are not primarily concerned with these diseases. The report indicated that 86% of premature deaths from non-communicable diseases worldwide occur in low- and middle-income countries, where disease prevention and treatment are not adequately provided.
Mikkelsen stressed that the fight against non-communicable diseases is not only a health issue, but is linked to “equality”.
A data set on noncommunicable diseases released Wednesday by the World Health Organization shows that the highest death rates from cardiovascular disease, the world’s leading cause of death, are recorded in countries such as Afghanistan and Mongolia.
The report stated that “the environment in which people live often limits their decisions and makes the healthy choices in front of them difficult, if not impossible.”
Although the figures mentioned in the report are dangerous, the World Health Organization confirmed that the problem at hand can be solved to a great extent, since the main causes of non-communicable diseases are known and identified, as well as the most adequate treatment. treatment.
Smoking, unhealthy diet, alcohol consumption, lack of physical activity and air pollution are the main causes of the spread of non-communicable diseases.
Smoking alone kills more than eight million people a year. “More than a million people among these deaths are non-smokers,” said Doug Beecher, senior adviser to the World Health Organization’s chief for noncommunicable diseases.
Eight million more deaths are attributed to the unhealthy diets they adopted, either eating too little or too much, or even eating poor quality food.
Alcohol, which causes liver cirrhosis and cancer, among other consequences, kills about 1.7 million people annually, while abstaining from any physical activity kills about 830,000 people.
However, the World Health Organization confirms the existence of scientifically proven means to reduce the factors that promote non-communicable diseases, highlighting that all countries, if these methods are adopted, can save the lives of 39 million people during the next seven years.
The report indicated that allocating relatively small amounts of money to prevent and treat noncommunicable diseases can make a big difference.
Injecting an additional $18 billion annually into similar measures in poorer countries could result in $2.7 trillion in net economic revenue over the next seven years.